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Better decisions for a better world

Philosophy, Politics and Economics

Are you ambitious, highly motivated and engaged in societal issues? Do you have a strong academic track record, including proficiency in English and mathematics? And are you open to new ideas, with an international mindset? 

Then the Politics, Philosophy and Economics programme is for you. 

Academic year 2021-2022
VU Amsterdam expects all students to be able to attend classes on campus again as of September 2021. We look forward to meeting you on campus. Should the current events concerning Covid-19 in the Netherlands give rise to changes in (online) education, we will report it on the website.

Check whether you meet the admission requirements and apply

  • Selection

    The admission process for Philosophy, Politics and Economics is selective.
    We are looking for talented and ambitious students with an affinity for each of the disciplines who are motivated to contribute to the PPE community.

    To qualify for admission, you will need to satisfy the entry requirements and meet the specific selection criteria.

    Selection criteria
    As part of the application procedure you are asked to complete an online assessment form.
    Whether or not you will actually be offered a place in our programme will depend on your:

    • grade point average (GPA)
    • motivation and suitability to join our intensive study programme
    • commitment to contribute to the College’s international student and campus life

    The latter two will be determined based on your CV and your answer to our assessment questions, and possibly an additional interview (over Skype in case of international applicants). The selection committee evaluates your application file as a whole, considering all these factors.

    If in doubt whether you will meet all the admission requirements, you can always contact the International Student Advisor (international applications) or the PPE Admissions Officer (Dutch applications).

  • Admission requirements: non-Dutch previous education

    In addition to a strong motivation, your educational qualifications are assessed as part of the selection procedure. In order to be admissible you must meet our academic requirements as specified below.

    Academic requirements

    Applicants holding a non-Dutch pre-university diploma apply via the International Office. We will evaluate your application and and inform you of the admission decision from the Admission Board. If you do not yet meet the requirements but expect to do so in the future (such as obtaining your diploma), you can already apply and - if selected -  receive a conditional admission.

    Requirements that apply:
    1. A diploma equivalent to the Dutch pre-university vwo-diploma
    See "Examples of accepted international diplomas" for a list of diplomas accepted as equivalent to the vwo-diploma level.
    Please note: this list is meant to give you an indication of admissibility; no rights can be derived from it.

    2. A sufficient GPA
    We are looking for a Grade Point Average on your secondary school diploma that is equivalent to ≥ 7.0 in the Dutch grading system. If you have not graduated yet you can receive a conditional offer; we then calculate your GPA over the final two years of your secondary education at the moment of applying. In its assessment, the Admission Board will put special focus on grades obtained for relevant courses such as economics, mathematics, philosophy and politics. In order to receive an unconditional offer you will need to graduate with the required GPA.  For examples of accepted GPA's you can check our PPE diploma list.

    3. Proof of sufficient proficiency in English
    All courses in the PPE programme are conducted in English and, since the student community is highly international, most conversation and socialising occurs in English as well. Consequently, we require an English language test for all applications, unless you qualify for an exemption. You can already begin your application before you have completed the test and then submit your passing score once you have been conditionally admitted. You can find all accepted tests and scores on the language requirements page.

    Read more about the PPE English language requirements.

    If you require a visa to study in the Netherlands, you must submit your test results before June 1st. If you do not need a visa to study in the Netherlands, you will need to show proof before August 15th. Your acceptance to the PPE programme will remain conditional until we have received proof of English proficiency. Please note that it can take a long time to receive your results, so plan your date accordingly, since you may want to leave yourself time to retake the exam.

    4. Proof of sufficient proficiency in Mathematics
    After you apply for the programme and upload the required documents in our VUnet Student Portal, the International Student Advisor will evaluate your qualifications to determine whether your mathematics level is sufficient.

    The courses in our programme use a significant amount of mathematics and even though we provide mathematics training in the methods courses, this training moves at a fast pace. In our experience we have found that a minimum level of prior mathematics proficiency is required. The International Office will determine whether your mathematics level is sufficient.

    These examples of diplomas demonstrate sufficient proficiency in mathematics:

    • International Baccalaureate: Mathematics SL or HL, Applications & Interpretation HL, Analysis & Approaches SL or HL.
    • UK British GCE A-Level: A-level in Mathematics completed with a grade A, B or C.
    • Germany: Zeugnis der allgemeinen Hochschulreife including Mathematics Grundkurs as Prüfungsfach or Leistungskurs.

    For further examples you can check our PPE diploma list.

    Is your mathematics not sufficient?
    If you do not meet the mathematics requirement but have an otherwise strong application, you could still be accepted with a conditional offer. You would then be asked to participate in an entry test in mathematics. If participation in the exam is necessary this will be communicated to you in the offer letter.

    Mathematics Exams in the Netherlands
    Boswell-Bèta (Dutch and English. Boswell-Bèta in Utrecht (the Netherlands) provides a Mathematics course in Dutch and in English with exams in December, May and July.
    CCVX (Dutch and English). CCVX offers Mathematics exams equivalent to the Dutch VWO Mathematics A level for Dutch-speaking and English-speaking applicants.
    Online Mathematics Placement Test. The Online Mathematics Placement Test-A (OMPT-A ) offered by SOWISO is an online Mathematics test that you can take from home by means of online proctoring.

    A positive result for the Mathematics examination (5,5/10 in the mathematics A exam or 65% in the OMPT-A online exam) is compulsory for admission to the programme.


    If you have any questions about the application process or your eligibility, please contact the PPE International Student Advisor: Rosa Vijftigschild.

  • Examples of accepted international diplomas

    In our list of accepted diplomas you can find a list of examples of diplomas meeting the academic requirements. In the list you can find the name of the diploma, GPA and mathematics required listed per country.

    Is your diploma not included? Then first check if your diploma meets our diploma requirements.

    Please note that our diploma list may be updated for future intakes. No rights can be derived from this list and the final decision on admission will be determined by the Admission Board. 

    Not directly eligible for admission?

    If you do not meet the admission requirements, the following options are advised:

    • Start your academic studies at an accredited university in your home country and obtain relevant credits to meet our entry requirements.
    • If you meet the diploma and GPA requirement, but not the mathematics requirement, you could still be accepted with a conditional offer. You would then be asked to participate in an entry test in mathematics. If participation in the exam is necessary this will be communicated to you in the offer letter.
    • Foundation year programmes for international students: International students who do not meet the direct admission requirements for an undergraduate degree have the option of applying for a preparation programme at the Holland International Study Centre.  Students can choose to study the Business, Economics and Social Sciences International Foundation Year for progression to the Philosophy, Politics and Economics programme. Upon successful completion of the International Foundation Year programme, students can progress to the first year of PPE at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
  • Admission requirements: Dutch previous education

    If you have obtained or will obtain a Dutch diploma such as the vwo-diploma, please check the criteria on our Dutch webpage.

    Want to know more?
    If you have any questions about the application process or your eligibility, please contact

  • Application

    Are you highly motivated and do you meet our requirements?
    Then follow these application steps and enroll in the Bachelor’s programme Philosophy, Politics and Economics

    Application documents

      • Transcript of records; a transcript of the grades obtained over the final two years of your high school and any further education up to the moment of your application. IB and A-level applicants are asked to upload their predicted grades.
      • A scan of your diploma (if you have already graduated).
      • Curriculum Vitae: the curriculum vitae should include your personal details and list your previous education and relevant work experience (± 1 page).
      • English language test results (if already obtained).
      • The PPE assessment form; we use this assessment form instead of a letter of motivation. Please fill it in and upload it under the category "assessment form" in VUnet.
      • Copy of a valid passport or ID (ID for EEA students only).

    Application deadline

    If you apply before 14 February, we aim to send you our admission decision within 2-4 weeks after completion of your application. Note that during holiday times such as Christmas and in case we require further information from you (by email or in a Skype interview) the decision time will increase. For applications received after this date the processing time will be 4-6 weeks.

    The final application deadline for non-EU/EEA students is 1 April  and for Dutch and EU students the final deadline is 1 May. Do you have a non-Dutch nationality? Then you may be eligible for housing  via the International Office Accommodation Services. An early application is then recommended.

    Ready to apply?

    Great! Click here to start your application.
    Note that for diplomas obtained outside of the Netherlands an application fee of €100 applies.

    Make sure to submit your application with all the abovementioned documents before the application deadline. Unfortunately, incomplete applications or documents that do not meet our conditions will not be taken into consideration. If you do not yet have a final transcript of records or the results of your English language test before the application deadline, you can still be admitted conditionally. Make sure you upload all other necessary documents in order to be taken into consideration.


    If you have any questions about the application process or your eligibility, you can always contact the International Student Advisor Rosa Vijftigschild (international diploma applications) or (Dutch diploma applications).

  • Online Summer Prep-Campus

    Even if you meet the mathematics requirements, some students find it difficult to know what is expected of them once they begin the PPE programme. To address this, we have developed the Online Summer Prep-Campus. A Diagnostic test will help you to determine if your current quantitative skills fit with the topics that will be covered in the methods course. If your current skills are lower than advised, the diagnostic test will provide suggestions on how to improve. You can take courses through the online summer prep-campus and freshen up your mathematics - and meet your new fellow students early! For those that already have the required level there is the option of an advanced course. More information will follow after admission.

  • Foundation year

    International students who do not meet the direct admission requirements for a Bachelor’s programme at VU Amsterdam have the option to apply for a so called Foundation Year. This Foundation Year is a bridge programme for international students that studied the highest level of secondary education in their home country, but are not directly eligible for an academic Bachelor’s programme in the Netherlands.

  • Binding Study Advice (BSA)

    The BSA is an advice given to all Bachelor’s students on four occasions during their first year of studies concerning their study progress. The fourth recommendation, issued at the end of the first year, is binding in nature. To continue to the second year you must have obtained a certain number of credits.

    To receive a positive BSA for this study programme you must have obtained a minimum of 54 EC (credits) at the end of the first year of enrolment. Every student has access to an overview of the obtained study results and assessments are available for inspection after registration of the test result.

Coronavirus: additional information admission

  • General Information

    Due to the ongoing COVID pandemic, both our current as well as prospective students may encounter study delays (despite several actions taken to facilitate the completion of their programmes). To facilitate transitions within programmes (BSc) as well as to new programmes (MSc) a number of policies have been developed again for the upcoming academic year 2021-2022 in collaboration with the government and other universities.

    Please note that if you already made use of the so-called ‘Zachte Knip’ or ‘Soft-cut’ for the academic year 2020 – 2021 and are still in the same study phase as then, you will not be eligible to use it again.

  • Current students of our BSc programs > Recommendation on the Continuation of Studies (BSA)

    Compliant with the agreements on national level the Vrije Universiteit decided to lower the BSA norm with 6 EC for all first year students for the academic year 2020-2021. So if the norm of the program is 42 EC, this becomes 36 EC in 2020-2021. And if it is normally 48 EC, this becomes 42 EC. Students who have already received a postponement before, this adjustment does not apply. They need to meet the norm in their first year which was in force before a postponement was given.

    Note that at the School of Business and Economics, we will still complete the analysis of the students’ progress in current times and actively inform students of their progress. Students that are not meeting the BSA norm are proactively invited by the academic advisors to discuss their situation and see if they can offer help where needed.

Want to know more?

General questions

For general questions, please send an e-mail to

Call us on +31 20 5985000 (on working days from 10.00 till 16.00)

Or send a Whatsapp message to +31682548367

International diploma applicants

International diploma applicants are welcome to send an email to or book a phone appointment to get in touch with the International Student Advisor of this programme

Applicants with a Dutch diploma can contact the PPE Admissions Officer via


Rosa Vijftigschild
Niké van Duijkeren