Since 2015 the Netherlands has been flooded with new initiatives for refugees. Next to established actors such as national and local governments, companies and NGO’s, citizen groups, active citizens, collectives, and small social companies began to devote to the inclusion of refugees.
How does the emergence and survival of these initiatives change the field of shelter, participation and integration? How do they distinguish themselves from more institutionalized organizations such as the municipality of Amsterdam or the Central Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers (COA) and what do they add? In which ways do they offer an alternative story to the inclusion of refugees? And why are these alternative stories important for the inclusion of refugees in Dutch society?