Research no longer takes place in isolation. For this reason, much of the research at VU Amsterdam is organized in interdisciplinary research institutes. In addition, researchtakes place in faculty research centres and VU Amsterdam participates in national research schools which mainly provide courses for PhD students. VU Amsterdam gives outstanding students from all over the world the opportunity to take an internationally oriented research programme as part of the VU Graduate Schools initiative. Our researchers work closely with other research institutes and organizations from outside the academic world. These external cooperative alliances strengthen our research and contribute towards its quality.