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The Via Appia is a Roman road that linked ancient Rome with Brindisium (modern Brindisi) in the South of Italy. The road is named after its founder Appius Claudius Caecus, who began its construction in 312 BC. This famous Roman ‘motorway’, also known as the regina viarum (‘queen of roads’), was primarily intended for the transport of army troops, but the Via Appia also connected various economic centres and was used to transport commodities. The Romans also buried their dead beside the road.

REVISITED exhibit in Het Valkhof museum from 29 January-3 April 2022. For more information and tickets, click here [website in Dutch and German].

The first section of the Via Appia, just outside the walls of Rome, is still regarded as an icon and milestone in the political and cultural presentation of ancient Rome. The monumental tombs are still especially appealing to the imagination today. After the Roman era large tracts of the Via Appia fell into disuse. The vast majority of the funerary monuments are overgrown, or have been demolished and reused as building material.

From the middle of the eighteenth century, the Via Appia, especially the first few miles out of Rome, was rediscovered as a historic monument and visualised in all kinds of ways. In their entirety, these images are a unique historical document of how the road has changed in the last few centuries, but above all of how it has been viewed over the years. In the last few years a research team of archaeologists, digital data experts and an artist/researcher have studied in detail the section of what is now known as the Via Appia Antica between the fifth and the sixth mile from Rome. By carefully documenting all the archaeological remains, excavating some areas, cleaning and revisiting the points where the historical makers of images stood, they have tried to reconstruct the monuments of the Roman period and to analyse how the landscape has changed over time.

Visitors to REVISITED can creep into the skin of the historical makers of images and travel to the Via Appia as it is today. What have people seen in the last 300 years, how has the landscape changed, and what can we see now? Visitors can also gain unique insight into how archaeologists reconstruct Roman funerary monuments. They make use of the latest technologies, but the historical visual material also plays a crucial role.

REVISITED invites you to a journey in time along the Via Appia Antica, its monuments, the images of them, and the vantage points from which they could be observed.

Krien Clevis
: artist, researcher, curator PhD

Maurice de Kleijn: 3D Geodata specialist and archaeologist (PhD), Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Rens de Hond: PhD candidate, 3D Geodata specialist and archaeologist, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Jorne Jongsma: 3D application developer, ProductBuilder
Jesus Garcia González: 3D application developer, Netherlands eScience Center
Maarten van Meersbergen
: 3D application developer, Netherlands eScience Center
Marco Roling
: 3D data specialist and graphic design
Stefan Oostingh
: trainee placement, Saxion Hogeschool Deventer, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Stephan Mols
: Professor of the History of Nijmegen, Department of History, Art History and Antiquity; project leader of the interdisciplinary research project Mapping the Via Appia
Eric M. Moormann: Emeritus Professor of Classical Archaeology, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen


Krien Clevis: photography and film
Maurice de Kleijn & Rens de Hond
: 3D Geodata, reconstructions and prints, cartography
Jesus Garcia González & Maarten van Meersbergen
: data processing and tooling
Jorne Jongsma
: 3D GIS tooling and audiovisual integration
Kevin Kleine & Wouter Snel (Wavy Audio Europe)
: 3D audio
Edwin Teunissen (Technodesk)
: installation and technology
Nóra Békés
: graphic design
Herman Hake (Riwi ColloType)
: floor and wall prints


Parco Archeologico dell’Appia Antica
Ministero per i beni e le attività culturali
Parco Regionale dell’Appia Antica
Calcografia Istituto Centrale per la Grafica
(Fondazione della Calcografia Nazionale di Roma)
Koninklijk Nederlands Instituut in Rome (KNIR)
Deutsches Archäologisches Institut Rom (DAINST)
Fotoarchief van de British School at Rome (BSR)
Fotoarchief van de American Academy in Rome (AAR)
Accademia di Belli Arti di Roma
Archivo Antonio Cederna, Villa di Capo di Bove,
Parco Archeologico dell’Appia Antica, Roma


Sible de Blaauw, Joachim Blüher, Gert-Jan Burgers, Dario Evola, Stephan Karl Freiberger, Nathalie de Haan, Alida Moltedo, Jeremia Pelgrom, Francesca Romana Paolillo, Simone Quilici, Christoph Riedweg, David Rijser, Caterina Rossetti, Alma Rossi, Miriam Sentler, Christopher Smith, Saskia Stevens, Rens Tacoma, Michael Vande Bril, Christel Veen, en Stichting In Principio en de redactie van Roma Aeterna


Mondriaan Fonds, Prins Bernhard Cultuurfonds, Gilles Hondius Foundation, CLUE+, Pauwhof Fonds, Netherlands eScience Center, Radboud Universiteit.

The research of Krien Clevis started as part of the interdisciplinary Dutch Mapping the Via Appia research project and was facilitated with grants from the Fonds Catharine van Tussenbroek, the Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, the Royal Netherlands Institute Rome (KNIR), the Mondriaan Fund and the Pictoright Steunfonds

The project Mapping the Via Appia was implemented with the generous financial support of the Dutch Research Council (NWO), and with subsidies from the Radboud Universiteit, Vrije Universiteit van Amsterdam, Royal Netherlands Institute Rome, Netherlands eScience Center, German Archaeological Institute Rome, and the Parco Archeologico dell’Appia Antica.